Alexander Dugin – The Foundations of Geopolitics

Alexander Dugin, The Foundations of Geopolitics: The Geopolitical Future of Russia (Moscow: Arktogeia, 2000)


Table of Contents:


Book I: The Foundations of Geopolitics


Chapter 1: The Definition of Geopolitics

Chapter 2: Tellurocracy and Thalassocracy

Chapter 3: Geopolitical Teleology

Chapter 4: Rimland and “Border Zones”

Chapter 5: Geopolitics as Fate

PART I: The Founding Fathers of Geopolitics

Chapter 1: Friedrich Ratzel: States as Spatial Organisms

Chapter 2: Rudolf Kjellén and Friedrich Naumann: “Middle Europe”

Chapter 3: Halford Mackinder: The Geographical Pivot of History

Chapter 4: Alfred Mahan: Sea Power

Chapter 5: Vidal de la Blache: France vs. Germany

Chapter 6: Nicholas Spykman: Revising Mackinder and the Centrality of Rimland

Chapter 7: Karl Haushofer: The Continental Bloc

Chapter 8: Carl Schmitt: Behemoth vs. Leviathan

Chapter 9: Petr Savitsky: Eurasia, Middle Earth

Chapter 10: Geopolitics as an Instrument of National Politics

PART II: Modern Geopolitical Theories and Schools from the Mid-Late 20th Century

Chapter 1: A General Survey

Chapter 2: Modern Atlanticism

Chapter 3: Globalism (Mondialism)

Chapter 4: Applied “Geopolitics”

Chapter 5: The Geopolitics of the European New Right

Chapter 6: Neo-Eurasianism

PART III: Russia and Space

Chapter 1: Heartland

Chapter 2: The Problem of Rimland

Chapter 3: Gathering the Empire

Chapter 4: Warm and Cold Seas


BOOK II: The Geopolitical Future of Russia

PART IV: Russia’s Geopolitical Future

Chapter 1: The Need for a Radical Alternative

Chapter 2: What are “Russian National Interests”?

Chapter 3: Russia: Inconceivable without Empire

Chapter 4: The Redivision of the World

Chapter 5: The Fate of Russia in Imperial Eurasia

Chapter 6: The Military Aspects of Empire

Chapter 7: Technology and Resources

Chapter 8: Economic Aspects of the “New Empire”

Chapter 9: Conclusion

PART V: The Internal Geopolitics of Russia

Chapter 1: Object and Methodology

Chapter 2: The Path to the North

Chapter 3: The Challenge of the East

Chapter 4: The New Geopolitical Order of the South

Chapter 5: The Threat of the West

PART VI: Eurasian Analysis

Chapter 1: The Geopolitics of Orthodoxy

Chapter 2: The State and Territory

Chapter 3: Geopolitical Problems of the Near Abroad

Chapter 4: Prospects of Civil War

Chapter 5: The Geopolitics of the Conflict in Yugoslavia

Chapter 6: From Sacred Geography to Geopolitics

PART VII: Classical Geopolitical Texts

Halford Mackinder, “The Geographical Pivot of History” (1904)

Petr Savitsky,The Geographical and Geopolitical Aspects of Eurasianism” (1933)

Jean Thiriart, “Superhuman Communism (Letter to a German Reader)” (1982)

Carl Schmitt, “The Planetary Tension Between Orient and Occident and the Opposition Between Land and Sea” (1959)

PART VIII: In Lieu of a Conclusion

Chapter 1: The Apocalypse of Elements: From Geopolitics to the Philosophy of History – Considerations on Carl Schmitt’s Theory of Elements


BOOK III: Thinking in Space

PART I: Philosophy and Space

Chapter 1: Space and Being: Towards the Posing of Some Questions

PART II: Moscow as an Idea

Chapter 1: Moscow as an Idea

Chapter 2: The Pole of the Russian Circle: Moscow’s Place in the Sacred Geography of Russia

PART III: Eurasianism and its Founding Fathers

Chapter 1: Nikolai Trubetzkoy: Overcoming the West

Chapter 2: Petr Savitsky: The Eurasian Triumph

Chapter 3: Nikolai Alekseev: The Theory of the Eurasian State

PART IV: The Crusade Against Us

Chapter 1: The Crusade Against Us

Chapter 2: The Globalist Conspiracy

Chapter 3: Carthage should be Destroyed

Chapter 4: Geopolitics as Fate

PART V: The Khazar Question

Chapter 1: The Jews and Eurasia

PART VI: The Sacred Soils of the East

Chapter 1: From Space to Culture (The Factor of Soil)

Chapter 2: The Russian Heart of the East

PART VII: Contemporary Russia’s Geopolitical Priorities

Chapter 1: Eurasia Above All

Chapter 2: The Economics of the Fourth Zone

Chapter 3: Isolation?

Chapter 4: Ukraine or Empire?

Chapter 5: The Challenge of the Caucasus

Chapter 6: Islam vs. Islam

PART VIII: Classics of Geopolitical Thought

Karl Haushofer, “Continental Bloc: Moscow-Berlin-Tokyo” (1940)

Karl Haushofer, “The Geopolitical Dynamics of the Meridians and Parallels” (1943)

Carl Schmitt, “Land and Sea (Contemplating World History)” (1942)

Jean Parvulesco, “The Geopolitics of the Third Millennium” (1998)

Aymeric Chauprade, “The Great Game” (1998)

Jordis von Lohausen, The War in the Persian Gulf – A War against Europe (1992)

Glossary: The Basic Concepts and Terms of Geopolitics

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